Blog

Blog

Reindeer Herders from Norway and Russia Visit Inuvik for Celebration of 80th Anniversary of Canadian Reindeer Husbandry

March 27, 2015 • Alena GerasimovaBlog, ICR/WRH, Reindeer, Reindeer HerdersLeave a comment
Herders in Canada

Photo by Vince Sharpe

Reindeer herders were invited to Inuvik by Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC) to celebrate the 80th Anniversary of Canadian Reindeer Husbandry, where they can also share their experience in reindeer herding and food culture, and present exhibition in traditional handicraft.

Read more…

Sweden: 1 in 3 Young Reindeer Herders Consider Suicide

March 23, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, Challenges, EALLINComments (1)

Many might consider reindeer herding to be some kind of idyllic life. But it has its darker side. Anxiety, depression and the struggle for land are eroding the powers and vitality of young herders, and this appears to be particularly the case in Sweden at the present time, though anecdotally it is known that this is a challenge for young people across the world of reindeer husbandry. In Sweden, 1 in 3 young herders (18-29) have considered suicide.

Three excellent articles in NRK Sapmi by Liv Inger Somby this last week on this difficult topic. The first is an interview with Petter Stoor, a Sami psychologist who works at SANKS (Samisk nasjonalt kompetansesenter – psykisk helsevern go rus), based in Karasjok, Norway. SANKS is now the only institution in the Nordic countries that has expertise in culturally adapted suicide prevention among Sami, including culturally and linguistically adapted clinical psychiatry. Stoor stated in the article

There are complex reasons [for suicide]. Reindeer herding is a confrontational environment on many different levels. Everyday is very tough with the struggle for land. Constantly one has to fight in order to operate a profitable pastoralism. The range is huge and very complex, ranging from external to internal conflicts and family problems, which can lead to the youth gets tough in everyday life. Many feel their situation as heavy, they cannot mastered their defeats.

Read more…

Canadian Ambassador to Finland Visits ICR

March 16, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, ICR/WRHLeave a comment

Andree N. CooliganThe Canadian Ambassador to Finland, Andrée N. Cooligan took the opportunity of a work trip to Hetta to hop over the border to visit the offices of the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR). Her visit coincided with the visit to ICR of the Director General of The Department of Sami and Minority Affairs, Bjørn Olav Megard. This visit coincidentally followed Ambassador Cooligans’ visit to the University of Lapland where she met with the Rector, Mauri Ylä-Kotola, who is a new member of the ICR Board.

The Department of Sami and Minority Affairs has chief responsibility for formulating and coordinating the state’s policies towards the Sami population and the national minorities.

Canada is the outgoing chair of the Arctic Council and plans are afoot to present the final ICR/WRH EALLIN deliveries to the upcoming Arctic Council Ministerial in Iqaluit next month, the future EALLU project and ICR were able to inform the Ambassador about the work of ICR and the Association of World Reindeer Herders and discuss plans for the upcoming 80th anniversary of reindeer herding in Canada, in Inuvik.

(L to R) Inger Anita Smuk, Anders Oskal, Ambassador Cooligan, Bjørn Olav Megard.

Inger Anita Smuk (ICR Board Chair), Anders Oskal (ICR Director), Ambassador Cooligan, Bjørn Olav Megard (Dir Gen Dept Sami and Minority Affairs).

 

 

 

Be Our 1000th Facebook ‘Friend’ & Win Books!!

March 11, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, ICR/WRHLeave a comment

Win ImageHere at the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry we have a lively Facebook Page and we have almost reached a social media milestone: 1000 ‘Friends’ on Facebook. To help push us up to the magical number, we are offering our 1000th Friend on Facebook a fantastic prize – a copy of the book ‘EALLIN – Youth the Future of Reindeer Herding Peoples’ and a copy of the book ‘EALÁT. Reindeer Herders Voice: Reindeer Herding, Traditional Knowledge and Adaptation to Climate Change and Loss of Grazing Lands’ mailed to wherever you are in the world..Pass the word on and help us reach our goal! Visit our Facebook page here

New Project EALLU, Focus on Reindeer Herding Youth, Food & Climate Change

March 6, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, EALLIN, EALLU, ProjectsLeave a comment

Whitehorse family photo 450x300(Pic: Arctic Council) Some excellent news from the Arctic Council Senior Arctic Officials which was the fourth and final meeting during Canada’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council, in Whitehorse, Yukon. At this meeting, the EALLIN full report and Executive Summary were approved for delivery to the April 24-25, 2015 Iqaluit Ministerial.

In especially exciting news for the future, the EALLU project has been formally endorsed. The working title is EALLU: Arctic Indigenous Youth, Climate Change and Food Culture. The project is to be lead by Norway, Russia and the Saami Council. The project leader will be ICR Director Anders Oskal and co leaders include Mikhail Pogodaev, Exec. Chair of WRH,  Mr. Tom Grey, President of Kawerak Reindeer Herders’ Association, Alaska and many others. EALLU will run four years and carry into the next chairmanship of the Arctic Council which is the U.S.

The societal goal of EALLU is to maintain and further develop a sustainable and resilient reindeer husbandry in the Arctic in face of climate change and globalisation, working towards a vision of creating a better life for circumpolar reindeer herders. EALLU is a Sami word, central to the concept of reindeer husbandry, and means ‘herd’. EALLU will build on the previous Arctic Council SDWG projects EALAT Information and EALLIN coordinated by the ICR and WRH which have done so much to bring reindeer herders voices’ to such a high level and engaged and energized scores of young reindeer herders from across the Arctic.

Read more…

Reindeer Herders’ Day in Iengra, As Seen From a Drone..

March 5, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, Reindeer, Reindeer HerdersLeave a comment

Reindeer Herders Day Drone ViewDrones are appearing all over the place these days, it is probably only a matter of time before the larger ones become more stringently regulated. In the meantime, here is a nice video made by a drone, of the ‘Reindeer Herders Day’ in Iengra (which took place last week) in the Republic of Sakha Yakutia, Russia. Iengra is nearly 900 km of the regions’ capital Yakutsk. Many Evenki and Eveny herders live in and around the village, and herders from here are part of the Nomadic Herders project.

Reindeer Herders’ days occur all over Russia at this time of year and are a celebration of the profession of reindeer herding and usually there are reindeer races, various competitions, ceremonies and more.

WRH Chair Mikhail Pogodaev Nominated as Executive Director of Northern Forum

February 27, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, ICR/WRHLeave a comment

Mikhail PogodaevMikhail Pogodaev, the Executive Chair of the Association of World Reindeer Herders has been nominated to be Executive Director of the Northern Forum. Pogodaev is Even and was raised in a reindeer herding family in Topolinoe, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Pogodaev has been engaged in cooperation across the north between reindeer herding peoples since he was young, following in the footsteps of his mother, Maria Pogodaeva who played an important role in the early history and establishment of the Association of World Reindeer Herders after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

This is a period of change for the Northern Forum and it is an exciting prospect that an indigenous person from reindeer husbandry could be selected to steer the organization through an exciting, but intensely challenging time in the North generally, and in small rural communities in particular.

Mikhail Pogodaev

 

You can read why ICR and WRH both thought to recommend Pogodaev to this position here and below:

Read more…

More ‘Mystery Craters’ in Yamal

February 26, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, ChallengesLeave a comment

The Daily Mail in the UK has run a story on the holes that have been appearing suddenly on the Yamal tundra, which is home to Russia’s largest sources of natural gas, most of which is shipped to Europe by pipeline and also the world’s largest single area of reindeer husbandry. There are many theories about why these holes are appearing now, and climate change would appear to be playing a role.

Scientists have found four new craters have been spotted in the region. Worryingly, one crater was found about 10 km from the extensive Bovanenkovo gas field.

Read the full story, with some great photos here.

Methane Holes in Yamal

Framtidig reindrift – fra et samisk perspektiv: Konferanse

February 24, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlog, Challenges, Dávggas, ICR/WRH, Reindeer, Reindeer HerdersLeave a comment

SamediggiSametingsrådet inviterer til oppstartskonferanse i forbindelse med sametingsmelding om reindrift 25.-26.02.2015. Sted: Diehtosiida, Kautokeino

På mange måter står reindrifta i 2015 ved et veiskille. 

Utfordringene er mange. Det føres en samfunns- og næringspolitikk som krever nye og større deler av eksisterende reinbeiteområdene. Den økonomiske utviklingen i reindriftsnæringa de siste årene er bekymringsfull, med økende kostnader og nedgang i inntektene. Et økende rovvilttrykk fører til store økonomiske tap og bekymringer.

Samtidig er det viktig å ha framtidstro. Den samiske reindrifta har en lang historie, den har gitt inntekt og liv til mennesker i århundrer. Reindrifta har alle muligheter for å utvikles som en bærekraftig næring samtidig som man holder fast på de dype røttene reindrifta har i den samiske kulturen. Reindrifta er en viktig del av samisk kultur og av det samiske samfunnet. Reindrifta selv og det samiske samfunnet må gå i front på veien som fører til en framtidig og livskraftig næring.

Sametinget skal, sett i forhold til de visjoner og mål vi har for et framtidig samisk samfunn, være med på å utforme de overordnede langsiktige målene og strategiene for reindriftsnæringa. Med en ny Sametingsmelding om reindrift, ønsker Sametingsrådet sammen med næringa å arbeide for en trygg framtid for reindrifta.

Livestream:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qoZOxkyNOc

Read more…

UN Special Rapporteur Lecture in Rovaniemi, Finland

February 23, 2015 • Philip BurgessBlogLeave a comment

Victoria Tauli-CorpuzThe UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Victoria Tauli–Corpuz will give an open lecture at the University of Lapland, Rovaniemi on Wednesday the 25th February at 3 pm in Eelin Sali (Lecture hall 19).

In her lecture, Tauli–Corpuz will speak about her mandate and work as the Special Rapporteur in general in addition to her previous and upcoming reports and country visits.

The Special Rapporteur is one of the thematic special procedures appointed by Human Rights Council. In the fulfillment of her mandate, the Special Rapporteur promotes the implementation of indigenous peoples’ rights, receives and addresses communications about alleged human rights violations, conducts country-specific reports and thematic studies about the situations of indigenous peoples, and reports on her activities to the Human Rights Council and General Assembly.