A major seminar with youth from across the circumpolar North (Russia, Canada, US, Finland, Norway and Sweden) is getting underway in Kautokeino tomorrow February 1-3 at the Sami University of Applied Sciences. Organized under the auspices of the EALLU and RIEVDAN projects that both focus on traditional knowledge with an emphasis (especially EALLU) on traditional food cultures and systems of indigenous peoples in the Arctic. Much is reindeer related, of course, but other Arctic traditional foods will also be featured. Seminar results and products will also feed into the EALLU final delivery (an Arctic ‘cookbook’) to the Arctic Council at the Ministerial, to be held in Alaska, in May of this year.
The seminar will feature talks, group work and slaughtering of reindeer. Photos to follow, draft programme below.
A significant EALLU seminar takes place this weekend in the city of Yakutsk, the capital of the Republic of Sakha. The seminar is being organized by the ICR, WRH and a number of other organizers both local and international.
The seminar is entitled: ‘A FUTURE VISION FOR THE REINDEER MEAT INDUSTRY, The Role of New Technologies and Traditional Knowledge‘. Welcomes will be given by the Norwegian Ambassador to Russia, the Minister for Education and the Minister for Federal Relations and External Affairs of the Sakha Republic, the Rector of the University of Tromsø, the President of the University of the Arctic and the Director of the Northern Forum.
The seminar will take place all day Saturday, November 26th and will be followed by a field excursions and further workshops and discussions on indigenous food systems and the EALLU Arctic Cookbook, a delivery the Arctic Council.
Today the EALLU seminar entitled ‘Traditional Knowledge and Food Culture of Indigenous Peoples of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug: Towards a Safe and Sustainable Future’. The event was attended by students and youth, along with researchers, the ICR and WRH team and indigenous and political leaders from the Yamal Nenets Automous Okrug.
On Tuesday, November 8, as part of a week long series of reindeer related activities in Salekhard, in the Yamal Nenets Autonomous Okrug, there will be an EALLU seminar held at the Yamal Polar Agroeconomic College, entitled ‘Traditional Knowledge and Food Culture of Indigenous Peoples of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug: Towards a Safe and Sustainable Future. There will be presentations by Nenets and Sami researchers, experts, practitioners and a number of presentations by students of the college on food safety (Traditional Nenets foods feature a lot of raw meat and blood) and that traditional foods are an ‘anti stress diet’, speaking to the fact that traditional foods are not just about protein, but encompass a range of cultural, economic, social, spiritual and physical properties and functions. Presenters include ICR Director Anders Oskal, WRH Executive Chair Mikhail Pogodaev, Inger Anita Smuk.
The progress on the project is considerable. EALLU is managed by ICR and WRH, with co-leads Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Norway, Russia, USA, the Aleut International Association and the Saami Council. EALLU runs up to 2019, but already 26 different activities such as community workshops, seminars and events have been held, in a huge variety of locations, including Inuvik, Nome, Kautokeino, Inari, Copenhagen, St Petersburg, Moscow, Uryung-Khaya, Chersky, Topolinoe, Yakutsk, Genhe (China) and Tereli in Mongolia, to name but a few.
You can now watch all the presentations (16 in all!), from the seminar entitled “A Future Vision for the Reindeer Meat Industry: The role of new technologies and traditional knowledge”, on our YouTube channel. The event was presented by the Arctic Council SDWG project EALLU: FOOD and INDIGENOUS YOUTH, Nosegcher (EALLU Sakha), RIEVDAN: Two Ways of Knowing and the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Culinary Institute and organized by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in collaboration with the Embassy of Norway in Moscow.
Jon Mikkel Eira explains and performs a Yoik, opening a seminar entitled “A Future Vision for the Reindeer Meat Industry: The role of new technologies and traditional knowledge”. The event was presented by the Arctic Council SDWG project EALLU: FOOD and INDIGENOUS YOUTH, Nosegcher (EALLU Sakha), RIEVDAN: Two Ways of Knowing and the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Culinary Institute and organized by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in collaboration with the Embassy of Norway in Moscow.
You can now see a large gallery of images from 17 May, Norwegian national day, celebrations held in Moscow this week. See all the photos here.
Fine traditional foods of reindeer met, frozen fish, reindeer fat, blood, cloudberries and more was served to 200 people on the grounds of the Norwegian Embassy in Moscow, presided over by Ambassador Leidulv Namtvedt.
The event was organized by the EALLU team nd the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in partnership with the Embassy
As part of the reindeer meat seminar being held in the Embassy of Norway (see here for details) and tomorrows celebrations of Norway’s national day (Syttende mai) a short film has been made outlining the Arctic Council EALLU project and the course (“Conservation of Biodiversity in an Indigenous Perspective”), held under the EALLU project recently in Kautokeino, Norway.
Indigenous herders, herding organizations and business operators from the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the Yamal Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the Kola Peninsula and Finnmark in Norway have gathered in Moscow to participate in a seminar entitled “A Future Vision for the Reindeer Meat Industry: The role of new technologies and traditional knowledge”
The event is presented by the Arctic Council SDWG project EALLU: FOOD and INDIGENOUS YOUTH, Nosegcher (EALLU Sakha), RIEVDAN: Two Ways of Knowing and the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Culinary Institute and organized by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in collaboration with the Embassy of Norway in Moscow.
The event will be held on Monday, May 16th, in the grounds of the Norwegian Embassy which is in the Arbat district of Moscow, and where a lavvu has been erected.
Of course, the event precedes and is in tandem with the National Day of Norway, syttende mai (lit. “seventeenth May”). On the 17th May, up to 200 guests have been invited to celebrate Norway’s national day and the EALLU group will make reindeer meat from three reindeer from the Kola Peninsula, cloudberries from the Yamal Nenets Autonomous Okrug, smoked reindeer meat from Taymyr and fish from Yakutsk, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
In an event coordinated by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry and Søren Kühlwein, the Director of the Hotel og Restaurantskolen in Copenhagen, a large number of food journalists are currently guests of ICR in Kautokeino where they are learning at first hand the meaning of ‘traditional foods’ in the Arctic. Traditional food consumption, processing and economies are one of the mainstays of life in small indigenous communities. The production and processing of reindeer meat and related products is a key plank in nurturing sustainability and resilience in marginal and often marginalized communities.
A unique course got underway in Kautokeino, Norway today, with well over 30 young students with many young reindeer herding peoples represented (Nenets, Eveny, Evenki, Sami, Chukchi, Dukha and Dolgan). The students are enrolled as Bachelor students at the Sami University of Applied Sciences in Kautokeino in a course entitled ‘Biological diversity in a circumpolar indigenous perspective’.
The bringing together of this diverse group of young reindeer herders has been made possible through the coordination of UNEP, GEF, the Arctic Council through the rubric of the Nomadic Herders project as organized by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in cooperation with University of the Arctic with financial support from the Norwegian Government, Ministry of Climate and Environment. With a strong focus on traditional food preparation, techniques and food as a key tool for the conservation of biological diversity and knowledge, the goal is to enhance the resilience of reindeer herders’ ecosystems and livelihoods, with an emphasis on the future generations of herders that will have to navigate the complexities of maintaining a traditional livelihood in a rapidly changing Arctic.
Between 31 March to 2 April in the village of Topolinoe (Tomponsky ulus, Sakha Republic) during the annual Reindeer Herders Day celebrations (which are held across Russia) there were special celebrations of the 85th anniversary of Vasily Mikhailovich Kladkin’. He was a well known ‘Hero of Socialist Labor’ and an ‘Honored Worker of Agriculture’.
Kladkin Vasily Mikhailovich (10.01.1931-27.05.2003) was a reindeer herder and Director of the sovkhoz. Not only are the residents of Topolinoe proud of him, but also the entire Republic. Under his leadership, the kolkhoz “Tomponsky” achieved outstanding success with regard to its economic indicators in the field of reindeer husbandry. Through effective organization and an intensive pre-slaughter fattening of reindeer, there was an increase in meat production and meat quality specifically and more generally, an improved local and regional economy and livelihood.
Last week, there was a series of major events in Alaska, dedicated to the development of the Arctic as part of the US chairmanship in the Arctic Council. Events included a meeting of the Sustainable Development Working Group of the Arctic Council (SDWG) in Barrow, Arctic Science Summit Week, Arctic Observing Summit and Senior Arctic Officials meeting.
I Oslo er det kebab, sushi, pizza og thaimat på hvert gatehjørne, men hva vet Oslofolk om samisk matkultur? Det flerkulturelle Norge startet lenge før de siste tiårenes innvandring, men den samiske matkulturen har forsvunnet i mylderet av eksotiske retter fra kontinentet. Denne helgen kan barn og voksne oppleve det samiske kjøkkenet sammen med Geitmyra matkultursenter for barn og Internasjonalt reindriftsenter.
– Samene vet hvordan man utnytter hele dyret til å lage god og næringsrik mat. Det er noe vi alle burde lære mer om, sier Anderas Viestad, faglig ansvarlig ved Geitmyra matkultursenter for barn.
Arctic College of the Peoples of the North, which is located in Chersky, Nizhnekolymsky district, continues it’s fruitful work both with reindeer herders and students from reindeer herding families. Only less than a month ago young reindeer herders who are also second-year students at the College had interesting workshops and classes with the main zootechnician at the Turvaurgin Obshchina (nomadic community) and skillful reindeer herder – Petr Kaurgin. They not only disscussed main issues of their Obshchinas and ways how to be a better reindeer herder, they also had a trip with teachers to the winter pastures where they were working with reindeer.
Cherski is a small village of under three thousand people, on the Kolyma river, close to the Arctic Ocean and is the administrative center of the Nizhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, nearly 2000 kilometers east of Yakutsk or a four hour flight (like many remote villages in Sakha, it is not connected to the road system).
The EALLU team of ICR and WRH are there this week holding seminars and meetings with the Arctic College in the town, and also with local and regional administrators to talk about the challenges facing reindeer husbandry and the EALLU goal of highlighting the knowledge and value of traditional foods. The team (Inger Anita Smuk, Elna Sara, Mikkel Anders Kemi, Ravna Maret Buljo, Svetlana Avelova, Alena Gerasimova and Svein Mathiesen) will also travel to the tundra to meet with herders. They will need warm clothes! Current temperatures for Cherski are below -20C and falling. See photos from the early part of the visit and seminar below. See photos by Alexei Kurilov, a local journalist who was following the EALLU team here.
At the close of the Northern Forum Assembly, the staff of the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR) and the Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH) held an anniversary celebration – 10 years since the establishment of ICR and 25 years for WRH in Yakutsk. The celebration included a seminar with talks by WRH Chair Mikhail Pogodaev (now officially appointed as Chair of the Northern Forum), Inger Anita Smuk, Anders Oskal, Andrey Krivoshapkin, Elena Golomareva, Konstantin Robbek and Svein Mathiesen. The seminar was well attended with 50-60 local participants (see the programme below). This followed the holding of a board meeting of ICR. Part of the ICR and WRH team have since travelled to the small of Cherskiy, a small village which is the administrative centre of the Nizhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. While there, there will be meetings with the Arctic College, a field trip to the tundra to meet with reindeer herders and a week long focus on traditional food in relation to the EALLU project.
The Northern Forum Assembly finished today, November 6th. Below are some photos from the gathering featuring WRH and ICR personnel, a meeting with the President of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) with ICR, a TV Sakha appearance by ICR and WRH and more.
The Northern Forum Assembly continues and today in Yakutsk, and as an integral part of the Assembly, there was a feast of traditional Arctic food at Muus Khaya restaurant prepared by Sakha, Even, Evenki and Sami – to feed hungry people of course, but importantly to demonstrate the extraordinary knowledge and skill that is embedded in small communities when it comes to the preparation of traditional foods. The Arctic Council SDWG EALLU project has this very goal in mind and was a part of the preparations and execution. The Assembly continues tomorrow and will be followed at the weekend by the board meeting of the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry. See some photos of the feast below.
The Northern Forum General Assembly started today in the city of Yakutsk. The multi day assembly will culminate on Friday with the election of a new Chair. The current acting Chair is Mikhail Pogodaev, who is the Executive Chair of the Association of World Reindeer Herders. Pogodaev has ensured that traditional livelihoods such as reindeer herding are to the fore in this Assembly. Asked why he thought the Northern Forum was an important and useful agency for northerners in general and herders in particular, Pogodaev said,
The Northern Forum is an organization that works with Governors of the Arctic regions and local authorities. It is important to work with local authorities because it is they who control reindeer husbandry locally. The Association of World Reindeer Herders is an organization that has very good relations with local authorities and this is important as we address the main issues that impact herding through them.
Tomorrow, the 12th General Assembly of the Northern Forum gets underway in Yakutsk in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutsk). The Northern Forum is a non-profit, international organization composed of sub-national or regional governments from eight northern countries and was established in 1991. The goal of the Northern Forum is to give northern regional leaders a means to share knowledge and experience in addressing common challenges and to support sustainable development and the implementation of cooperative socio-economic initiatives among Northern regions and through international fora.
The Assembly will focus on the following broad themes:
1. Role of the Northern Subnationals in the changing World – new opportunities and challenges
2. Positive life strategies for Northern populations
3. Forms and Mechanisms of Business cooperation within the Northern Forum
4. Regional strategies for Climate Change Adaptation
5. Infrastructure in the North
6. Enhancing traditional livelihoods, preservation of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge on food culture
The focus on food will see a significant contribution by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR), the Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH), the Nomadic Herders project and the EALLU project. In addition, there will be a celebration of the 25th anniversary of the establishment of WRH and the 10th anniversary of the establishment of ICR. See the full programme below.
Zhigansk Reindeer herders from the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) visited Scandinavia in celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Association of World Reindeer Herders
From the history
Exactly 25 years ago, in the autumn of 1990, a group of scientists and reindeer herders from Norway traveled to Russia, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), to meet with reindeer herders. From that time began the active cooperation between reindeer herders from Russia and Scandinavia. The Association of World Reindeer Herders originates from the same time. In addition, on the recommendation of the Arctic Council in 2005, in Kautokeino was founded the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, which has been working fruitfully already for 10 years.
Today the Association of World Reindeer Herders and the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry created a wide network of international cooperation between reindeer herding peoples from all over the world.
In celebration of significant dates, a group of herders from Zhigansky district traveled to Scandinavia.
Last week Anders Oskal was in Mongolia to meet with Norwegian parliamentarians at the OSCE and to meet with Dukha youth with whom WRH and ICR partners through the Nomadic Herders project, and a workshop was held in tandem with a practical demonstration on the land related to traditional Dukha food – the making of bread in particular. Launch the photo essay below. The programme for the seminar is also below. Mongolia is home to the most southerly reindeer herding in the world and this entire Taiga region is experiencing rapid development and it is no exaggeration to say that this is some of the most threatened areas of traditional reindeer husbandry in the world.
Every year, the Research Council of Norway brings research into the community over several days in an event called Forskningsdagene, where researchers are invited to share their research with the general public. Events are held nationwide and this year the theme is food. From their website, they note that food is not just food, but food is politics, culture and religion.
In reindeer peoples culture, food (and especially fat) is of course central to reindeer husbandry – to herders culture and economy. An enormous body of knowledge is embedded in traditional food culture and only recently is this being more recognized.
Samisk høgskole og International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry inviterer all interesserte til Forskningsdagene Mandag 21 September og Tirsdag 22 September kl 1000 i sorlavvuen på utesiden av Samisk høgskole i Kautokeino. Fokus vil være Arktiske urfolks matkultur, fett som resurss og røyking som konserveringsmetode. Even, Evenki, Nenets, Komi, Vebs og Samer vil være tilstede og formidle sin tradisjonskunnskap om sin matkultur og sine råvarer. Mandag vil vi ha en workshop om røyking av reinkjøtt, ulike kunnskaps former og muligheter. Programmet for forskningsdagene finnes under. Forskningsdagene i Kautokeino arrangerer som en del av Rievdan prosjektet om Samisk matkultur finanseriert av Norges Forskningråd og Arktisk råds prosjektet: EALLU: Reindrifts ungdom, klimaendringer og matkultur.
Over 30 Sámi youth from all over the Sámi area will be be gathering over the next few days in the village of Inari at an event called ‘Gávnnadeapmi 2015’ (meeting in North Sámi). The meeting will focus on reindeer herding and feature multiple themes related to the challenges faced by reindeer herding in general and herding youth specifically.
Gávnnadeapmi 2015 is being organized by the Sámi youth organizations of Finland, Norway and Sweden in collaboration with the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry. Key presentations will be made about The Arctic Council project “Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic ” (AACA), led by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) Working Group, and the new project ‘Nomadic Herders Sápmi’ which aims to, among other things, implement an updated GLOBIO model for the Barents Region with a focus on reindeer herding, land use change and climate. View the programme below.
Lea illun munnje, sihke sáme- ja minoritehtaministtarin, Norgga ráđđehusa bealis rahpat ođđa Riikkaidgaskasaš boazodoalloguovddáža Guovdageainnus. Dát guovddáš buktá ođđa dimenšuvnna ovttasbargui min ja sámi beroštumiid gaskka, Árktalaš Ráđis ja Barentsovttasbarggus.
Ráđđehusa oainnu mielde lea dehálaš ahte boazoálbmogat ja daid searvvit dovdet lagas oktavuođa guovddážii. Mii leat danin deattuhan ahte guovddáš ásahuvvo ja jođihuvvo ovttas Máilmmi Boazoálbmogiid Servviin. Mis lea leamaš beroštupmi joatkit ja nannet boazodoalu rájáidrasttideaddji ovttasbarggu. Sámi boazodoallu álggahuvvui mihá ovdal go mii mearrideimmet riikkarájáid, ja dalle lea dehálaš ahte gávdno rájáidrasttideaddji ovttasbargu boahtteáiggis. Danin leat sihke Ruošša, Suoma, Ruoŧa ja Norgga boazodoalloservviin ovddasteaddjit guovddáža stivrras, ja searvvit leat dainna lágiin bovdejuvvon oasálastit guovddáža ovdánahttimis ja doaimmain ovddosguovlluid.
Guovddáža ásaheapmi lea oassi Norgga áigumušain joatkkit ja nannet boazodoalu riikkaidgaskasaš ovttasbarggu, man ealáhusa ovddasteaddjit álggahedje 15 jagi dás ovdal. Ovttasbargu guoská dál 20 iešguđet čearddalaš álbmotjoavkkuide ja álbmogiidda, geat barget boazodoaluin viiddis geográfalaš guovlluin 3 máilmmiossodagain oktiibuot 9 stáhtain, Kinna ja Mongolia rájes nuortan gitta Alaskai ja Kanadai oarjin.
Guovddáš galgá leat čanastatbáiki dieđuid, vásáhusaid ja máhtu juohkimis ja gaskkusteamis máilmmi boazoálbmogiid gaskka, ja boazodoalu ja máilmmi gaskka. Mii dárbbašat buohkat oahppat eambbo árktalaš ja subárktalaš boazodoalu birra.
Mun lea ilus ahte mu oasálastin dál sáhttá leat duođaštussan dasa ahte guovddáš juo ásadettiin lea gávdnan iežas gulahallanneavvu. Lea somá munnje oasálastit interneahta bokte ja rahpat guovddáža Guovdageainnus vaikko ieš fysalaččat lean 200 miilla eret Guovdageainnus.
Lea erenoamáš somá oažžut duođaštuvvot ahte guovddáš, mii ovddasta árbevirolaš ealáhusa, váldá atnui ođđa teknologiija. Ođđa teknologiija ii lea ođas ealáhussii, geahča mat ovdamearkka dihte giikana, skohtera ja bievlavuodjinfievrruid, maid ealáhus leat váldán atnui.
Nugo diehtit lea boazodoallu, mii lea sirkumpolára ealáhus marginála árktalaš guovlluin, ovdánahttán iežas árbevirolaš máhtu ja heivehemiid. Ealáhusa doaimmaid oktavuođas leat boazoálbmogat áiggiid čađa čohkken vásáhusaid ja dehálaš máhtu, mii lea vuođđun ealáhusa doaibmavugiide luonddu, dálkkádaga ja birrasa dáfus, elliid ja elliidsuodjalus ja luondduriggodagaid ávkkástallama ja hálddašeami dáfus. Jos ii livččii ávkkástallama dán erenoamáš árbevirolaš máhtu, de livččii leamaš váttis dahje veadjemeahttun boazoálbmogiidda lihkostuvvat ealáhusain, erenoamážit go jurddašat makkár luonddubeales eavttuiguin ealáhus jođihuvvo.
Árbevirolaš máhttu lea hárve čálalaččat vurkejuvvon, muhto sirddihuvvon njálmmálaččat buolvvas bulvii. Okta dehálaš bárgu guovddážis lea duođaštit árbevirolaš máhtu iešguđet guovllus. Beare dávjá vásihat mii ahte dákkár árbevirolaš máhttu jávká min servodagas danin go mii leat gávdnan eará vugiid mo vurket máhtu dál go dan mii lea leamaš árbevirolaš. Lihkka dehálaš lea ahte árbevirolaš máhttu juhkkojuvvo ja dahkko dovddusin álgoálbmogiid gaskka. Lea erenoamáš mearrideaddjin ahte máhttu dohkkehuvvo ja váldo atnui oahpahusvuogádagain, dutkamis ja erenoamážit almmolaš hálddašeamis. Mii leat beare unnán váldán atnui boazodoalu iežas vásáhusaid ja máhtu iežamet boazodoallohálddašeamis Norggas daid maŋimuš 30 jagis. Ulbmil berret leat ahte boahttevaš buolvvat oidnet ahte álgoálbmogiid árbevirolaš máhtu árvu lea dehálaš gealbun biebmoháhkamis luonddus ja luonddu, dálkkádaga ja birashálddašeamis. Ulbmil berre maid leat oažžut buoret ja riektáset hálddašeami álgoálbmotealáhusain ja dain guovlluin gos álgoálbmogat ásset.
Dáigguin sániiguin raban Riikkaidgaskasaš boazodoalloguovddáža. Mun sávan guovddáža stivrrii, boazoálbmogiidda ja sin servviide ja eará bargoguimmiide lihkku bargguin ovddosguovlluid.
International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR) in Kautokeino was opened by then the Minister of Local Governement and Regional Development, Mrs. Erna Solberg on September 2, 2005.
In her opening speech, Mrs. Solberg stressed that the establishment of the Centre is a contribution from Norway to maintain and strengthen the international cooperation in reindeer husbandry, and that it would add another dimension to the cooperation of the Arctic Council and the Barents Region. She also emphasized that the Government considers it important that the reindeer herders and their organizations have a close relationship to the Centre: “… We have therefore emphasized that the Centre to be established and operated in cooperation with the Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH).”
Mrs. Solberg also emphasized the importance of traditional knowledge of reindeer husbandry in her opening speech: “… It is particularly crucial that the knowledge is accepted and used in education systems, research and, not at least, in publicmanagement. We have made little use of reindeer husbandry’s own experience and knowledge in our management of reindeer husbandry in Norway in the last 30 years,” said Mrs. Solberg before she rounded:” … The goal must be that future generations recognize the value of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge as essential skills in harvesting and management of nature, climate and environment. The aim must be to achieve a better and more appropriate management of indigenous livelihoods and areas in which the indigenous peoples live.»
The Government was also represented by the Minister of Children and Family Affairs, Mrs. Laila Dåvøy, State Secretary, Mrs. Ellen Inga O Hætta in the Ministery of Local Government and Regional Development, and State Secretary, Mr. Vidar Helgesen in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the opening ceremony in Kautokeino in 2005.
In the anniversary year 2015, ten years after the opening of the ICR, the Prime Minister of Norway, Mrs. Erna Solberg said in her speech at the Sami Parliament’s plenary, 3 July:
“… The International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry – which was established in 2005 – has also contributed in promoting knowledge and understanding for the reindeer husbandry. The Centre contributes to maintain and develop sustainable reindeer husbandry in the northern areas, and strengthen the cooperation with reindeer herders in other countries. The Centre works well and has become an important actor in the North. “
The Centre contributes to the development of a new knowledge base for indigenous communities’ adaptation to the major changes in the Arctic. The Centre works with people-to-people cooperation and civil society from Alaska and Canada in the west to Mongolia and China in the east. Today, 10 years after its establishment, many reindeer herding youth from the northern areas attend in exchange programmes organized by ICR. The Centre is now working with reindeer husbandry’s adaptation to climate changes and food culture in the Arctic Council. “… The establishment of ICR has significantly strengthened our opportunities for international people-to-people cooperation, exchange of information, recognition of our traditional knowledge, and the protection of indigenous communities in the circumpolar North,” said the General Secretary of WRH, Mr. Johan Mathis Turi. “… This is crucial for world reindeer herders, and thus the establishment of ICR is a great success”, he concludes.
ICR will celebrate its 10th anniversary through a series of events in Norway and other reindeer herding countries during the period of 2 September 2015 to 2 September 2016.
ICR is a contribution of the first white paper to the Norwegian Parliament in 2004/05. The Centre is organized as a governmental body with special powers, and receives today their basic funding from the state budget through the Ministry of Local Government and Moderination. The Centre is located in Kautokeino, Norway, with offices in Eastern Siberia, Russia and Canada.
More information: Director, Mr. Anders Oskal, Internasjonal Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR)
Tel. +47 994 50010. Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgChair of the Board, Mrs. Inger A. Smuk, International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry (ICR) Tel.+47 915 43934. Email: email@example.com Secretary General, Mr. Johan Mathis Turi, Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH) Tel. +47 950 48331. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR REINDEER HUSBANDRY – OPNING SEPTEMBER 2, 2005
By the Minister of Local government and Regional Development, Mrs. Erna Solberg
Dear organizers, guests and audience!
It is a pleasure for me, as the Minister for both the Sámi and the minorities, on behalf of the Norwegian Government, to open a new International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, located in Kautokeino. This Centre will add a new dimension to the cooperation between both the Sami interests and us, and in the Arctic Council and the Barents Cooperation.
The Government thinks it is of importance that the reindeer herders and their organizations have a close relationship to the Centre. We have therefore emphasized that the Centre is to be established and ran in cooperation with the Association of World Reindeer Herders. We have also been concerned to continue and strengthen the cross-border cooperation between reindeer herders. The Sámi reindeer husbandry was established long before we drew the borders between the state, and it is then essential to have a transnational cooperation in the years ahead. Reindeer herding organizations from both Russia, Finland, Sweden and Norway are thus represented in the board and they are thus invited to take part in developing and running the centre forward.
The establishment of the Centre is a contribution from Norway to continue and strengthen the international cooperation between reindeer herders that was initiated for the first time 15 years ago by representatives from the reindeer husbandry. The cooperation includes today 20 different ethnic groups/nations who practice reindeer husbandry in large geographical areas in three continents and in totally 9 national states, from China and Mongolia in the east to Alaska and Canada in the west.
The Centre will be a key hub for dissemination and exchange of information, experiences and knowledge between world reindeer herders, – and between reindeer herders and the outside world. We all need to learn more about reindeer husbandry in the Arctic and subarctic regions.
I am glad that my participation today can be regarded as proof that the Centre already at the start have found their communication tools. It is nice for me to participate online and open the Centre in Kautokeino while I physically am located 2000 kilometres away.
It is particularly pleasing to note that the Centre, representing a traditional industry, take active use of highly developed technology. New technology is not a strange element in the industry – just look at for example the binoculars, snowmobile and ATVs (all-terrain vehicles), which are here to stay in the work of reindeer husbandry.
As known, reindeer herding, as a circumpolar industry residing in the marginal arctic regions, has developed a distinctive traditional knowledge and adaptation. In the practice of the industry, the herders have through the ages acquired experiences and valuable knowledge that make the basis of the operations of the industry in relation to the nature, the climate and the environment, animals and animal protection and harvesting and management of natural resources. Without adopting this peculiar traditional knowledge, it would be difficult, or impossible, for the herders to succeed in the industry, especially when taking into account the natural conditions in which the industry operates.
Traditional knowledge is rarely recorded, but delivered orally from generation to generation. An important task for the Centre will be to document the traditional knowledge in the different regions. Too often, we experience that this type of traditional knowledge disappears from our society, because we have other ways to safeguard knowledge than what has been traditional. Equally important is that traditional knowledge is disseminated and made known between the different indigenous people. It is particularly crucial that the knowledge is accepted and used in educational systems, in research and, not at least, in public management. We have made little use of reindeer husbandry’s own experience and knowledge in our way to manage reindeer husbandry in Norway in the last 30 years. The aim must be that future generations recognize the value of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge as important skills for harvesting and management of the nature, the climate and the environment. The aim must also be to achieve a better and more appropriate management of indigenous livelihoods and areas in which the indigenous peoples live.
With these words, I declare the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry opened. I wish the board of the Centre, the reindeer herders and their organizations and other partners, good luck with the work ahead.
Internasjonalt reindriftssenter (ICR) i Kautokeino ble åpnet av daværende Kommunal- og regionalminister Erna Solberg den 2. september 2005.
I sin åpningstale understreket Solberg at etableringen av senteret er et bidrag fra Norge til å videreføre og styrke det internasjonale reindriftssamarbeidet, og at det ville tilføre en ny dimensjon til samarbeidet i Arktisk Råd og Barentsregionen. Hun vektla også at det etter Regjeringens syn er det viktig at reindriftsfolk og deres organisasjoner har et nært forhold til senteret: ”…Vi har derfor lagt vekt på at senteret etableres og drives i samråd med Verdensforbundet for reindriftsfolk.”
Bilde: Åpningen av ICR 2 September 2005 i Kautokeino med minister Laila Dåvøy, statssekretær Vidar Helgesen, statssekretør Ellen Inga O Hetta, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, mfl.
Solberg vektla også viktigheten av reindriftens tradisjonelle kunnskap i åpningstalen: ”…Det er særlig avgjørende at kunnskapen blir akseptert og tatt i bruk i utdanningssystemer, i forskningen og ikke minst i den offentlige forvaltningen. Vi har tatt lite i bruk reindriftens egne erfaring og kunnskaper i måten vi har forvaltet reindriften på i Norge i de siste 30 årene”, sa Solberg før hun avrundet: ”…Målsettingen må være at fremtidige generasjoner ser verdien i urfolks tradisjonskunnskaper som viktig kompetanse for høsting og forvaltning av naturen, klimaet og miljøet. Målsettingen må også være å få til en bedre og mer riktig forvaltning av urfolksnæringer og av de områder urfolk bebor.”
Fra Regjeringen deltok også Barne- og familieminister Laila Dåvøy, statssekretær Ellen Inga O Hætta i KRD, samt statssekretær Vidar Helgesen i UD på åpningsarrangementet i Kautokeino.
I jubileumsåret 2015, ti år etter åpningen av ICR, uttalte Statsminister Erna Solberg følgende i sin tale til Sametingets plenum 3. juli:
“…Det internasjonale reindriftssenteret – som ble etablert i 2005 – har også bidratt til å fremme kunnskap om og forståelse for reindriftsnæringen. Senteret bidrar til å opprettholde og videreutvikle en bærekraftig reindrift i nordområdene, og styrker samarbeidet med reindriftsfolk i andre land. Senteret fungerer godt og har blitt en viktig aktør i nordområdene.”
Senteret bidrar til utvikling av et nytt kunnskapsgrunnlag for urfolkssamfunnenes tilpasning til de store endringene i Arktis. Senteret arbeider med folk-til-folk samarbeid og sivile samfunn fra Alaska og Canada i vest til Mongolia og Kina i øst. I dag, 10 år etter etableringen, deltar mange reindriftsungdom fra nordområdene i utvekslingsprogram i regi av ICR. Senteret arbeider nå med reindriftens klimatilpasning og matkultur i Arktisk råd. ”…Etableringen av ICR har vesentlig styrket våre muligheter for internasjonalt folk-til-folk samarbeid, informasjonsutveksling, anerkjennelse av vår tradisjonelle kunnskap, og ivaretakelse av urfolkssamfunnene i det sirkumpolare nord”, sier Generalsekretær Johan Mathis Turi i Verdensforbundet for reindriftsfolk (WRH).”…Dette er avgjørende for verdens reindriftsfolk, og slik sett er etableringen av ICR en stor suksess”, konkluderer han.
ICR vil markere sitt 10-årsjubileum gjennom en rekke arrangement i Norge og andre reindriftsland i perioden 2. september 2015 til 2. september 2016.
ICR er et tiltak fra den første nordområdemeldingen til Stortinget i 2004/05. Senteret er organisert som et statlig forvaltningsorgan med særskilte fullmakter, og får i dag sin basisfinansiering fra statsbudsjettet via Kommunal- og Moderniseringsdepartementet. Senteret er lokalisert i Kautokeino, med underkontorer i Øst-Sibir, Russland og Canada.
INTERNASJONALT FAG- OG FORMIDLINGSSENTER FOR REINDRIFT – ÅPNING 2. SEPTEMBER 2005
ved kommunal- og regionalminister Erna Solberg
Kjære arrangører, gjester og forsamling!
Det er en glede for meg, både som same- og minoritetsstasråd, på vegne av den norske regjeringen, å åpne et nytt internasjonalt fag- og formidlingssenter for reindriften som er lokalisert til Kautokeino. Dette senteret vil tilføre en ny dimensjon til samarbeidet, både mellom oss og samiske interesser, og i Arktisk Råd og Barentssamarbeidet.
Etter Regjeringens syn er det viktig at reindriftsfolk og deres organisasjoner har et nært forhold til senteret. Vi har derfor lagt vekt på at senteret etableres og drives i samråd med Verdensforbundet for reindriftsfolk. Vi har også vært opptatt av å videreføre og styrke det grenseoverskridende reindriftssamarbeidet. Den samiske reindriften er etablert lenge før vi trakk grensene, og da er det viktig å også ha et grenseoverskridende samarbeid i årene fremover. Derfor er reindriftsorganisasjoner fra både Russland, Finland, Sverige og Norge representert i styret og de er på den måten invitert til å ta del i å utvikle og drive senteret fremover.
Etableringen av senteret er et bidrag fra Norge til å videreføre og styrke det internasjonale reindriftssamarbeidet som ble initiert første gang for 15 år siden av næringens representanter. Samarbeidet omfatter i dag 20 ulike etniske folkegrupper/folkeslag som utøver reindrift i store geografiske områder i 3 verdensdeler og i til sammen 9 stater fra Kina og Mongolia i øst til Alaska og Canada i vest.
Senteret skal være som et knutepunkt for formidling og utveksling av informasjon, erfaringer og kunnskap verdens reindriftsfolk i mellom, – og mellom reindriftsfolk og omverdenen. Vi trenger alle å lære mer om reindriften i hele den subarktiske og den arktiske del på den nordlige jordklode.
Jeg er glad for at min deltakelse i dag kan framstå som et bevis på at senteret allerede ved oppstarten har funnet sitt kommunikasjonsverktøy. Det er hyggelig for meg å kunne delta på nett og åpne senteret i Kautokeino samtidig som jeg fysisk befinner meg 200 mil unna.
Det er ekstra hyggelig å konstatere at senteret som representerer en tradisjonell næring, tar aktivt i bruk høytutviklet teknologi. Ny teknologi er ikke et fremmed element i næringen, se bare på for eksempel kikkerten, snøscooteren og barmarkskjøretøyer, som er kommet for å bli i næringsutøvelsen.
Som kjent, har reindriften, som en sirkumpolar næring med tilhold i marginale arktiske områder, utviklet en særegne tradisjonelle kunnskaper og tilpasning. Ved utøvelsen av næringen, har reindriftsfolk gjennom tidene tilegnet seg erfaringer og verdifulle kunnskaper som er lagt til grunn i næringens driftsformer i forholdet til naturen, klimaet og miljøet, dyr og dyrevern og høsting og forvaltning av naturressursene. Uten å ta i bruk denne særegne tradisjonskunnskapen, ville det vært vanskelig, eller umulig, for reindriftsfolk å lykkes med næringen, særlig når vi tar i betraktning de naturgitte betingelser som næringen drives under.
Tradisjonskunnskap er sjelden nedtegnet, men overleveres muntlig fra generasjon til generasjon. En viktig oppgave for senteret, vil bli å dokumentere de tradisjonelle kunnskapene i ulike regionene. Altfor ofte opplever vi at den typen av tradisjonell kunnskapen forsvinner fra vårt samfunn, fordi vi har andre måter å ivareta kunnskapen enn det som har vært det tradisjonelle. Like viktig er det at tradisjonskunnskapen spres og gjøres kjent urfolk i mellom. Det er særlig avgjørende at kunnskapen blir akseptert og tatt i bruk i utdanningssystemer, i forskningen og ikke minst i den offentlige forvaltningen. Vi har tatt lite i bruk reindriftens egne erfaring og kunnskaper i måten vi har forvaltet reindriften på i Norge i de siste 30 årene. Målsettingen må være at fremtidige generasjoner ser verdien i urfolks tradisjonskunnskaper som viktig kompetanse for høsting og forvaltning av naturen, klimaet og miljøet. Målsettingen må også være å få til en bedre og mer riktig forvaltning av urfolksnæringer og av de områder urfolk bebor.
Med disse ord erklærer jeg det internasjonale fag- og formidlingssenteret for reindriften for åpnet. Jeg ønsker senterets styre, reindriftsfolk med deres organisasjoner og andre samarbeidspartnere til lykke med arbeidet fremover.
As many as 20000 people attended the Nordlige Norden Arctic food festival in Copenhagen last weekend and many of them ate reindeer meat prepared by ICR and friends. The event was a huge success and the Sami lavvu, erected in the shadow of Hans Egede church in downtown Copenhagen was a busy place, most particularly on Saturday.
Other events held during the ‘foodie’ event (there was food from around the Arctic) included an EALLU Arctic Lavvu Dialogue (Tradisjonskunnskap grunnlaget for samisk matkultur i et nordisk perspektiv) which brought together young Sami herders, food experts and knowledge holders to discuss traditional knowledge and food culture from a Sami and Nordic perspective (Download programme here).
Lots of Chefs from the Copenhagen Hospitality College got their hands on reindeer meat in Copenhagen for the opening of the Nordlige Norden Arctic Food festival which started today. The reindeer meat was delivered by ICR and the next three days will see thousands of people pass through centre of Copenhagen sampling excellent Arctic food and of course reindeer meat in a lavvu. The event is connected to the EALLU project. Some pictures below, more pictures to follow.
This year, Denmark is the Chair of the Nordic Council and one of the events to commemorate this is ‘Nordlige Norden‘, a gastronomic tour of the Arctic, taking place in the heart of Copenhagen – as the organisers put it, ‘it may be the only Arctic adventure you ever go on’. After all, often the best memories we have from our travels are related to food.
We hear a lot about the ‘resources’ in the Arctic – oil, gas, minerals; but not so much about the people and the wonderful food – resources that are sustainable, valuable and the preparation of which is full of specific knowledge. Food including reindeer of course! Nordlige -Norden is a celebration of this resource – and it starts today, running until Saturday evening. The International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry is taking part and has erected a lavvu in Nikolaj Plads and thousands are expected to attend. ICR’s participation is linked into the Arctic Council EALLU project (traditional knowledge, food culture and adaptation to climate change) and the local partner in Copenhagen is the Copenhagen Hospitality College. Below are pictured young Sámi chefs with the Director of the College Søren Huhlwein Kristiansen.
Issat Turi and Mikkel Anders Kemi from ICR arrived at Hotel og Restaurantskolen in Copenhagen today driving for 26hours and 2010 km from Kautokeino. The reason is the new Arctic Council project EALLU: Arctic Indigenous Youth, Climate Change and Food Culture, which ICR and WRH is carrying out together with the Saami Council, Norway and the USA. In March this year the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Culinary Institute was established in Kautokeino as part of the EALLU project, therefore Issat and Mikkel Anders brought with them Arctic raw materials of very high quality from Kautokeino, Finnmark to be present at the Nordlige Norden Food Festival 28 -30 mai in Nikolai place in Copenhagen. The festival is being organized in Copenhagen as Denmark is the Chair of the Nordic Council in 2015.
ICR og WRH leder et nytt Arktisk råds prosjekt EALLU: Arktisk urfolksungdom, klimaforandringer og matkultur. ICR vil i samarbeid med prosjektet Nordlige Norden, Hotel og Restaurantskolen i København, Samisk Vidregående skole og reindriftskole i Kautokeino og Thon Hotel Kautokeino samle det bedste av Samisk matkultur i København til mat, kunnskap og opplevelsesfestival 28 -30 Mai. Festivalen er en del av flere nordiske matarrangementer i Danmark, da Danmark i 2015 har formandskabet for Nordisk Ministerråd. Vi venter 10 000 deltagere til matfestivalen Nordlige Norden på Nikolajs plass midt i København. I dag startet Issat Turi og Mikkel Anders Kemi fra ICR den lange kjøreturen fra Kautokeino med reinskinn, lavvu og formidlingsmateriale til Københaven. Vår delegasjon består av 18 deltagere. Målet å øke synligheten om Samisk matkultur og kunnskapsgrunnlaget som ligger til grunn for denne kulturen gjennom matlaging, formidling og seminarer. Velkommen!!!
(Pic: Arctic Council) Some excellent news from the Arctic Council Senior Arctic Officials which was the fourth and final meeting during Canada’s Chairmanship of the Arctic Council, in Whitehorse, Yukon. At this meeting, the EALLIN full report and Executive Summary were approved for delivery to the April 24-25, 2015 Iqaluit Ministerial.
In especially exciting news for the future, the EALLU project has been formally endorsed. The working title is EALLU: Arctic Indigenous Youth, Climate Change and Food Culture. The project is to be lead by Norway, Russia and the Saami Council. The project leader will be ICR Director Anders Oskal and co leaders include Mikhail Pogodaev, Exec. Chair of WRH, Mr. Tom Grey, President of Kawerak Reindeer Herders’ Association, Alaska and many others. EALLU will run four years and carry into the next chairmanship of the Arctic Council which is the U.S.
The societal goal of EALLU is to maintain and further develop a sustainable and resilient reindeer husbandry in the Arctic in face of climate change and globalisation, working towards a vision of creating a better life for circumpolar reindeer herders. EALLU is a Sami word, central to the concept of reindeer husbandry, and means ‘herd’. EALLU will build on the previous Arctic Council SDWG projects EALAT Information and EALLIN coordinated by the ICR and WRH which have done so much to bring reindeer herders voices’ to such a high level and engaged and energized scores of young reindeer herders from across the Arctic.