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RIEVDAN – Knowledge: the Heart of Herding

Work Package 3

Work package 3 (WP3): Traditional knowledge of food culture – navigation towards future sustainability – two ways of knowing? (WP leader: Prof. Svein Mathiesen. Participants:  Dir. Anders Oskal, International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry and Prof. Ludmila B. Gashilova, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia). PhD Students: Rávdná Biret Márjá Eira, Kia Krarup Hansen, UiT The Arctic University of Norway).

Traditional knowledge in Sámi reindeer herding related to reindeer welfare, handling of animals and Sámi food culture is rich. With the multifactorial rapid changes reindeer herding face today there is a risk that this knowledge accumulated in Sámi pastoralism during generations might be lost. At the same time, industry structure and governance networks for reindeer herding products in Norway seems not to be in line with the needs for local value added for reindeer herders facing Arctic change (Reinert, 2006; Reinert et al, 2009). We propose that knowledge about reindeer herders’food culture is essential to the future ability to adapt to these changes and maintain cultural and economic sustainability. Objective of this project: To sustain Sámi reindeer husbandry by increasing the value of traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge about reindeer herders’ food culture. Reindeer herders’ traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge about slaughtering, processing of meat, conservation of meat will be investigated to find out if there two sphere of knowledge affect reindeer herders ability to adapt to rapid change?

 

PRODUCTION FROM RCN RIEVDAN WP3:
· Nechei M. Serotetto (2016): Intercomparison of reindeer herding vocabulary in northern Sami and Nenets languages. In Lyublinskaya MD and VS Ivanova eds (2016): Deer in the culture of the peoples of the North: a collection of materials of the scientific and practical seminar “Reindeer-breeding vocabulary in the Uralic languages” (St. Petersburg, INS, April 20, 2016), p. 58-72. Russian State Pedagogical University – AI Herzen, Institute of the Peoples of the North, St. Petersburg, Russia. Herzen University Press, 2016. – 110 p. ISBN 978-5-8064-2322-2. Сэротэтто Н. А. Сопоставление оленеводческой лексики северного саамского и ненецкого языков// Под ред. М. Д. Люблинской, В. С. Ивановой: Олень в культуре народов севера: Сборник материалов научно-практического семинара «Оленеводческая лексика в уральских языках» (Санкт-Петербург, ИНС, 20 апреля 2016 г.) / Под ред. М. Д. Люблинской, В. С. Ивановой. — СПб.: Изд-во РГПУ им. А. И. Герцена, 2016. с.58-72.

· Wilbert van Rooij, Philip Burgess, Per Arild Garnåsjordet, Svein D. Mathiesen and Iulie Aslaksen (2017): Ecological change in Arctic regions – a GLOBIO3 pilot study of impacts on biodiversity. In The Economy of the North, Solveig Glomsrød, Gérard Duhaime and Iulie Aslaksen (eds.) page 147- 162. Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report. Statistisk Sentralbyrå, 2017. ISSN 0804-3221.

· Davin Holen, Drew Gerkey, Even Høydahl, David Natcher, Martin Reinhardt Nielsen, Birger Poppel, Paul Inge Severeide, Hunter T. Snyder, Mary Stapleton, Ellen Inga Turi and Iulie Aslaksen (2017): Interdependency of subsistence and market economies in the Arctic. In The Economy of the North, Solveig Glomsrød, Gérard Duhaime and Iulie Aslaksen (eds.) page 89-125, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report. Statistisk Sentralbyrå, 2017. ISSN 0804-3221.

· Minna Turunen, Anna Degteva, Seija Tuulentie, Anatoli Bourmistrov, Robert Corell, Edward Dunlea, Grete Hovelsrud, Timo Jouttijärvi, Sari Kauppi, Nancy Maynard, Bob van Oort, Arja Rautio, Hein Rune Skjoldal, Natalia Anisimova, Valery Chashchin, Dmitrii Denisov, Anastasia Emelyanova, Elena Eriksen, Jaakko Erkinaro, Jon L Fuglestad, Geir Wing Gabrielsen, Ludmila Maria Granberg, Leena Grandell, Andrei Gudkov, Ingeborg G Hallanger, Antti Hannukkala, Petri Heinimaa, Boris Ivanov, Edda Johannesen, Lis Jorgensen, Timo Jouttijärvi, Panu Juntunen, Sari Kauppi, Carina Keskitalo, Asta Kietäväinen, Juha Kiviluoma, Oleg Korneev, Kari Lehtonen, Lars Lindholt, Pavel Lyubin, Frode Nilssen, Teuvo Niva, Jon Oyvind Odland, Julia Olsen, Willy Østreng, Riku Pasonen, Stanislav 2017. Impact analysis and consequences of change. In AMAP (2017) Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic: Perspectives from the Barents Area. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. Pages 127-166. Barents scientific report. ISBN-13 978-82-7971-102-5.

· Anna Degteva, Anders Oskal, Svein D. Mathiesen, Philip Burgess Iulie Aslaksen, Kathrine Johnsen, Anne-Maria Magga, Wilbert van Rooi Camilla Brattland, Robert Corell, Andrey Dubovtsev, Per Arild Garnåsjordet, Aslak Holmberg, Konstantin Klokov, Nancy G. Maynard, Christian Nellemann, Beaska Niillas, Per Jonas Partapuoli, Mikhail Pogodaev, Erik Reinert, Per Sandström, Igor Slepushkin, Inger A Smuk, Jannie Steffanson, Zinaida Strogalschikova, Alexey Tsykarev, Levi Westerveld (2017): Indigenous peoples’ perspectives. In Arctic Council report Adaptation Action in Changing Arctic page 167-194, Arctic Council AMAP, Oslo, Norway. «AMAP, 2017. Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic: Perspectives from the Barents Area. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. xiv + 267pp. ISBN-13 978-82-7971-102-5.

· Miriam Huitric, Garry Peterson and Juan Carlos Rocha, Marcus Carson, Douglas Clark, Bruce Forbes, Grete K. Hovelsrud, Svein D. Mathiesen, Ashley Perl, Allyson Quinlan Hanna Ahlström, Rawaf Al Rawaf, Derek Armitage, Dag Avango, Svetlana Avelova, Heather Bell, Adrian Braun, Clara Burgard, Christopher Cosgrove, Daniele Crimella, Enoil de Sousa Júnior, Anna Degteva, Lara Dominguez, Niels Einarsson, Viktoriia Filippova, Melanie Flynn, Jonas Gren, Hannah Grif ths, Gustav Grusell, Elin Högström, Elinor Holén, Henry Huntington, Hanna Kylin, Matilda Lenell, Katrin Lindbäck, Linda Lindström, Cornelia Ludwig, Tobias Luthe, Katja Malmborg, Svein D. Mathiesen, Viveca Mellegård,Yasir Muhammad, Tero Mustonen, George Noongwook, Julia Olsen, Roweena Patel, Aliaksei Patonia, Shealagh Pope, Kaitlyn Rathwell, Fernando Remolina, Stine Rybråten, Carmen Seco Pérez, Nikolas Selheim, Philip Siegel, Jessica Spijkers, Dries Stevens, Andrea Utas, Lize-Marie van der Walkt, Liliia Vinokurova, Kate Williman, Alexander Winkler (2016): What factors build or erode resilience in the Arctic? In Carson M and Peterson G et al. (2016) Arctic Council Arctic Resilience Report, Chapter 4, pp 96-125. Stockholm Environment Institute and Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm, Sweden. (www.arctic-council.org/arr). ISBN 9789186125455.

· Kathrine Ivsett Johnsen, Svein Disch Mathiesen, and Inger Marie Gaup Eira (2017): Sámi reindeer governance in Norway as competing knowledge-systems: A participatory study. Ecology and Society, Stockholm (Accepted for publication).

· Mathiesen, SD, Mathis P. Bongo, P. Burgess, Robert W. Corell , Anna Degteva, Inger Marie G. Eira, Inger Hanssen-Bauer, Alvaro Ivanoff , Ole Henrik Magga, Nancy G. Maynard, Anders Oskal, Mikhail Pogodaev, Mikkel N. Sara, Dagrun Vikhamar Schuler, and Ellen Inga Turi (forthcoming 2017): Indigenous Reindeer Herding and Adaptation to New Hazards in the Arctic, In Nakashima et al (forthcoming 2017): Indigenous Knowledge and Climate Change – Foundations for assessement and adaptation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (Accepted for publication).

· Philip Burgess, Elena Antipina, Svetlana Avelova, Anna Degteva, Andrey Dubovtsev, Binderiya Dondov, Alena Gerasimova, Svein D Mathiesen, Anders Oskal, Mikhail Pogodaev Eilene Adams, Roksana Avevkhay, Burmaa Batkhishih, Khoschimeg Bayandalai, Olesya Bolotaeva, Karrie Brown, Máret Rávdna Buljo, Anna Chuprina, Sonita Cleveland, Rávdna Biret Márjá Eira Sara, Sarantuya Ganbat, Bayarmagnai Ganbold, Inger Marie Gaup Eira, Nadezhda Gerasimova, Tsetsegmaa Gombo, Chantal Gruben, Maxim Gulyaev, Jacey Firth-Hagen, Kia Krarup Hansen, Cyrus «Naunġaq» Harris, Vlada Kaurgina, Zhanna Kaurgina, Mikkel Anders Kemi, Aleksandr Krasavin, Irina Krivoshapkina, Elvira Okotetto, Marta Okotetto, Nikolay Osenin, Maria Pogodaeva, Alena Prokopjeva, Udval Purevjav, Elna Sara, Nechei Serotetto, Lyubov Sidorova, Inger Anita Smuk, Anatoly Sorokin, Marjorie Tahbone, Sandy Tahbone, Valentina Tokhtosova, Issát Turi, Suanne Unger, Maria Yaglovskaya, Olesya Yakovleva, Sofia Zakharova, Uudus Zolzaya, Zagalmaa Zorigt (2017): Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins. Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report 2015–2017, pp: 160. ISBN 978-82-998051-1-7.

This book itself consists of the following range of arcticles:

o Anders Oskal, Mikhail Pogodaev, Svein D Mathiesen, Alena Gerasimova and Svetlana Avelova (2017): SDWG EALLU 2017 Executive Summary and Recommendations for the Arctic Council. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Elvira Okotetto, Marta Okotetto and Nechei Serotetto (2017): Nenets: Raw Meat Eaters. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Issat Turi, Maret Ravdna Buljo, Jon Mikkel Eira, Inger Anita Smuk (2017): Sámi: Smoked and Cooked. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Irina Krivoshapkina, Maria Yaglovskaya, Zhanna Kaurgina, Vlada Kaurgina, and Olesya Yakovleva (2017): Chukchi: Reindeer blood, the first four ribs and wild plants. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017.

o Olesya Bolotaeva, Anatoly Sorokin and Roksana Avevkhay (2017): Koryak: Festive food and knowledge in Kamchatka and Magadan. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Anna Chuprina and Sophia Zakharova (2017): Dolgan: Reindeer eyes and fish. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Alena Gerasimova, Nadezhda Gerasimova, Lyubov Sidorova and Svetlana Avelova (2017): Evenki: Kapka and blood sausage. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Maria Pogodaeva, Nikolay Osenin, Mikhail Pogodaev, Maxim Gulyav and Alena Prokopieva (2017): Even: Stomach soup and reindeer yoghurt. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Valentina Tokhtosova (2017): Yukagir: Yukola and chumuododje. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Burmaa Batkhishih, Khoschimeg Bayandalai, Sarantuya Ganbat, Bayarmagnai Ganbold, Tsetsegmaa Gombo, Udval Purevjav, Uudus Zolzaya and Zagalmaa Zorigt (2017): Dukha: Hunguun and the wild potato. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Eilene Adams, Sonita Cleveland, Cyrus «Naunġaq» Harris, Sandy Tahbone, Marjorie Tahbone, and ICC Alaska (2017): Inuit Alaska: Tuttu, mipkuq, ugruk, tunuq, akutaq. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Chantal Gruben (2017): Inuit Canada: Caribou meat gravy. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017H

o Suanne Unger (2017): Aleut: Traditional unangan/ unangas (Aleut) food. Subsistence is sustenance for the life. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Jacey Firth-Hagen (2017): Gwich´in: Caribou are half our heart. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

o Karrie Brown (2017): Athabaskan: Moose blood and dry meat soups. In Indigenous youth, Arctic Change and Food Culture – Knowledge and How We Have Thrived on the Margins, Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group Report, 2017

· Nadezhda Gerasimova (2017): The Traditional Cuisine of the Evenki People of Southern Yakutia. Printinghouse DealSib Company, Novosibirsk, Russia. pp. 154. ISBN: 978-82-998051-3-1

· A total of 16 Scientific Abstracts accepted and delivered to IASSA ICASS IX Science Conference: People and Place. Umeå, Sweden, June 8-12, 2017. International Association of Social Scientists in the Arctic.

· A total of 3 Scientific Abstracts accepted and delivered to Arctic Council AMAP Science Conference: International Conference on Arctic Science – Bringing Knowledge to Action. Reston, Virginia, US, 24-27 April, 2017. Arctic Council AMAP.

In addition, the following publications have been submitted in the period:

· Mathiesen SD, A Oskal and R.W. Corell (Eds): Adaptation to a Changing Arctic: Taking Knowledge to Action. Science book, University of Alberta Press. In manuscript.

· Eira, Inger

· Marie Gaup; Mathiesen, Svein Disch. Guođohanbeaivegirji reaidun gozihit dálveguohtoneatnamiid guohtundiliid. Submitted to Sámi dieđalaš áigecála, 2017-18.

· Hansen, Kia K, Monica A. Sundset, Lars P. Folkow, Marte Nilsen & Svein D. Mathiesen: Enteric methane emissions from reindeer are lower on a lichens diet than on a pelleted feed diet. Submitted to Polar Research, 2017.

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