October 9, 2014 • Philip Burgess
There are not many stories out of China that are about the Evenki reindeer herders that are still practising reindeer husbandry in the North East of the country. The Shanghai Daily has just carried a story on the reindeer herders of China, who number in the tens.
HOHHOT, Oct. 7 (Xinhua) — Soon, tribesman Gu Wenqiang will have to bid farewell to his herd of deer, leaving his small shack tucked away in the lush green forests of the Greater Khingan Range.
After more than a month of tending the herd of reindeer, the 36 year old will soon drive from his temporary shelter and return to his hometown of Aoluguya Ewenki located 50 km away. It’s an occurance that’s happening more frequently these days.
For Gu and others from the Aoluguya Ewenki tribe, dubbed “the last hunting tribe of China,” such trips have become routine following the tribe’s relocation to a township near Genhe City, north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, from the mountain forests eleven years ago. For a decade, nomadic life has been the only choice to keep their ancient culture alive.
March 24, 2014 • Alena Gerasimova
Monday, March 24, 2014. Seminar on spring duck hunting started today in Kautokeino, at Sami University College. The project that is called Arbediehtu. is leaded by the Sami University College, Guovdageainnu municipality and the Sami association for hunters and harvesters and dedicated to the knowledge about the spring duck hunting.
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October 21, 2013 • Philip Burgess
China Daily, the widest print circulation of any English-language newspaper in the China (over 500,000 copies per issue, of which a third are abroad) has just published an extensive article on the Evenki herders of Aoluguya, near Genhe, in Inner Mongolia. The article features m,any of the same people who were active participants and attendees at this years 5th World Reindeer Herders Congress which was held on their territory for the first time. The article outlines the struggles this reindeer people have faced since their relocation from the forests closer to the city of Genhe and the loss of their rifles. The Congress is mentioned in the article as is the Aoluguya Declaration. With only 20 families remaining to live with their reindeer, the future for the livelihood is painted as being rather bleak in this article.
You can read the article below, or on the China Daily website here.
April 16, 2013 • Philip Burgess
The 5th World Reindeer Herders Congress will be held this summer (July 25-28) in Alougoya in the Genhe region in Inner Mongolia in North Eastern China. This is the first time that the Congress, which brings reindeer herding peoples from around the world together every four years. The event will be hosted by Evenki herders who are China’s only reindeer herding peoples.
The Congress is organised by the Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH) in cooperation with the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry. International cooperation in reindeer husbandry in modern times dates back to 1993 with the Reindeer Peoples’ Festival in Tromsø, Norway. Previous congresses have been held in Nadym, Russia, Inari, Finland, Yakutsk, Russia and Kautokeino, Norway.
Open invitation to the 5th World Reindeer Herders Congress
October 6, 2009 • Philip Burgess
By HENRY SANDERSON (AP) – GENHE CITY, China — Herding reindeer and hunting bears and boars in the forests on Siberia’s fringe was Gu Gejun’s life. Now his rifle has been confiscated, and the only reindeer he herds are in an urban tourist park.
China has moved most of the small Ewenki ethnic group from the steppe to the city, giving its members better access to medical services, education and jobs but, inevitably, changing their traditions.
They are among more than 700,000 nomadic herders — mostly Tibetans, Mongols and Kazaks in western China — the government has resettled since 2000.
About 60 Ewenki families live here in a Finnish-designed gated community of spacious sloped-roof wooden homes in orderly rows. They have televisions and washing machines. Across the street a teepee-like tent houses an exhibit on how the Ewenki used to live. Nearby, a dozen reindeer graze in a cleared patch of forest, watched over by Gu, a 37-year-old man with the chiseled looks of a movie star.
February 9, 2009 • Philip Burgess
Reindeer numbers in the Komi Republic (primarily Vorkuta, Inta and Usinskhave) stabilised, according the regions Ministry of Agriculture and Food. According to the agency, on 1 January 2009 there were 64,825 deer, which is 4326 head more than a year ago. Production of meat in live weight has also increased. Slaughter numbers would have been higher but for warm weather in November and December, which prevented reindeer brought to the slaughter.
The best production performer for reindeer production and preservation was the cooperative KTC «Reindeer Herders». The highest output of calves was achieved by OOO «North» amounting to 71,1 percent. Source: Komiinform
On 12-14 March in the village of Iengra Neryungrinskogo the third All-Russian Congress of the Evenki Russia will be held. In Russia, there are around 48000 Evenki, most of whom live in the Evenki Autonomous Area, Yakutia, Irkutsk, Chita, Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk and Khabarovsk Region and St. Petersburg. There is also a major Evenki diaspora in People’s Republic of China and Mongolia. Evenki are one of the great reindeer herding peoples and the Congress willput reindeer husbandry at its centre. Source: Sakha News
April 15, 2008 • Philip Burgess
(From Arctic Sounder, by TAMAR BEN-YOSEF, April 11, 2008 at 11:19AM AKST The struggle by Alaska’s Inupiat to protect their culture in face of resource development has drawn the attention of indigenous leaders in Russia facing near-identical challenges.
A delegation of four Russian indigenous leaders from the Sakha Republic showed up in Barrow and Nuiqsut last week to meet tribal leaders, organizations and local residents to learn about Inupiat methods of protecting their culture.