The future for reindeer husbandry in the Barents region is highly dependent on the availability of grazing land. extensive oil and gas development will likely lead to loss of vital ranges, in particular coastal summer pastures and calving grounds. Reindeer husbandry and Barents 2030 presents new potential scenarios for reindeer husbandry, combining the GLOBIO methodology for mapping loss of biodiversity with the extensive oil and gas development pictured in the barlindhaug scenarios. This report was prepared by the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry in collaboration with NORUT, UNEP-GRID Arendal and others.
Short-term recommendations and options
- Raise awareness and enhance capacity building by the further development of courses in industrial and indigenous adaptation and mitigation processes involving all parties. These courses should integrate traditional knowledge and up-to-date scientific knowledge on impacts on indigenous peoples and subsistence livelihoods.
- Further develop courses in training of indigenous peoples in environmental and social impact assessments and in negotiations concerning industrial development projects.
- Increase outreach and information capacity of relevant publications through translations of documents into Russian and selected major indigenous languages for regions particularly exposed to development.
Mid-term recommendations and options
- Support the development of Arctic ethical standards and guidelines applying to industry with regard to involvement of indigenous peoples in industrial development processes.
- Include and consider the impacts of industrial development projects on the ability of indigenous peoples to adapt to a changing climate
- Adopt a no net loss policy with regard to availability of grazing ranges, so that indirect losses of grazing land from new development is compensated with either restoration, support to adaptation and mitigation measures where effective, or increased access to ranges elsewhere.
Long-term recommendations and options
- Develop an integrated management plan also for the Barents sea land region involving and balancing the land changes associated with industrial and infrastructure development, climate change and the long-term sustainability of reindeer husbandry.
Two full size promotional posters are also available for download that highlight the findings of this report