New unique article from Rievdan Research Project WP3 by phd student Ravdna Biret Marja E. Sara and Dr Inger Marie Gaup Eira: Ađđamiin or jolážiin – Sámi reindeer herders assessment of reindeer meat quality.
This article is supported by the Research Council of Norway: Rievdan (Project no. 238326) Rapid change – challenges and/or opportunities for sustainable reindeer husbandry. This study is based on knowledge systems and concepts about reindeer as food conducted from discussions with North Sámi elder reindeer herders in Guov- dageaidnu, supplemented by written sources. 42 concepts were analyzed that represent the knowledge base and technical language of reindeer meat. Some key concepts are buoidi, ađđamiin and jolážiin, which reindeer herders use in the assessment process for reindeer meat quality. The word buoidi is over 2000 years old and is the foundation for Sámi reindeer herders’ reindeer meat quality assess- ment in Guovdageaidnu. The reindeer herder’s knowledge base and foundation of understanding has a holistic approach for assessment of reindeer meat quality. It starts already on the tundra assessing the herd and lasts until the meat is prepared and eaten. In the assessment of reindeer meat quality, there is an advanced and systematic knowledge system of meat quality, fat degree, fat content and fat extent that is articulated with the reindeer herder’s technical language through concepts in three dimensions: the live reindeer, carcass, and food. The assessment of rein- deer meat quality has a long history of continuous use. The knowledge system can be used to raise awareness in other disciplines about how reindeer meat quality is traditionally assessed, and thus can bring new knowledge to public use and debate.
Keywords: reindeer herding, reindeer meat quality, fat, traditional knowledge system, technical language
Find article in the Sámi language here